10 easy to keep reef tank corals for biginners
Reef tank 6 years ago 166,182 views
Each coral pictued, is the most common colour and variety of that coral. Many of the corals listed will come in many different colours, or slightly different forms. Often the more unusual colours the more expensive a coral will be!!. The Leaf coral is also known as Povona caral. Reef Tank Water Parameters: Ammonia (NH4/3): 0.1 or below. Levels should be near zero or almost undetectable. Nitrite (N03): No evidence shows that Nitrite affects marine life.If have low Ammonia them you should have low nitrite. Testing nitrite is only important when cycling live rock to see if you are at the end of the cycle and all the nitrite has turned to nitrate. Nitrate (NO3): 20ppm or below for soft corals and some L.P.S corals. 0.5ppm or below for all S.P.S corals, and invertebrates like clams, star fish, and shrimp. Phosphates (PO4): Phosphates should be below 0.03 to stop hair algae from growing. A Salifert test kit should show no sign of blue. If you are cleaning a film of algae of your glass every week, then you have just enough undetectable levles!! Sea water is 0.005. Salinity: 1.024 - 1.025 (34 - 35 ppt) Temperature 24-28.c (76-82f.) Carbonate (alkalinity): 7-12 D.K.H. Try not to raise carbonate by more than 1 D.K.H per day from a given starting level. (0.5 is even better). Calcium: (Ca): 380-450ppm. Try not to raise more than 20 ppm per day From a given starting level. (10ppm is better). Magnesium (Mg): 1200-1400. never raise more than 60ppm per day. P.H: 7.9-8.3. It will naturally fall and rise through out the day. See video on water chemistry. (reef tank build part 10) Iodine: Testing is difficult. (See video on don't overdose iodine). 0.06ppm total iodine made up of 0.02 Iodide, and 0.04 iodate. A weekly 5% water change will keep levels up. so no Need to dose. Trace elements: Testing is difficult!!. A weekly 5% water change will keep levels up! Happy Reefing!!.