Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium

Here's a kind of overview of maintaining a fresh water tank, which for many new hobbyists can be a bit of a nightmare. Things can go wrong rather rapidly and it's hard initially to get a handle on things. Fundamentally, I've found you need: frequent water changes, good lighting for plant growth, a good substrate for plant roots, good filtration and the right plants and animals... Okay, more than 10-15 minutes...sorry

Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium sentiment_very_dissatisfied 79

Pets & Animals 7 years ago 299,963 views

Here's a kind of overview of maintaining a fresh water tank, which for many new hobbyists can be a bit of a nightmare. Things can go wrong rather rapidly and it's hard initially to get a handle on things. Fundamentally, I've found you need: frequent water changes, good lighting for plant growth, a good substrate for plant roots, good filtration and the right plants and animals... Okay, more than 10-15 minutes...sorry

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for Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium

Wobbe gong
Wobbe gong - 3 years ago
I like how you talk over video of your fish, some people just talk about fish with with the camera on their faces. It is nice to see fish while listening. Good job.
Dee From Brooklyn
Dee From Brooklyn - 3 years ago
Great info
AquariumCop
AquariumCop - 3 years ago
great aquarium and info newly subscribed! Thanks for sharing☑
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
AquariumCop thankyou
SMannion
SMannion - 3 years ago
New subscriber. Been a fish-keeper for years but loved your info. Never had Discus but would like to try some day. Will check out your other vids. Hope you are still doing them????
Davis
Davis - 3 years ago
When I was away from home, the aquarium didn't have any water change for 5 months, no fish died, but it all went green. Had to do a full clean up.
wai lynn
wai lynn - 3 years ago
what lighting system do you use on this tank ?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
it was a T-5 lighting system from Wavepoint, but I currently use an LED system...
Andy Hernandez
Andy Hernandez - 3 years ago
I have a 10 gallon. the 10 gallon has 5 fish and how many water changes should I do?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
Andy Hernandez wont hurt to have one or two, maybe in such a small tank some non breeding snails
Andy Hernandez
Andy Hernandez - 3 years ago
I also have 1 banana plant and 3 Amazon swords in the tank. do I get algae eaters??
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
It's hard to say Andy, with so few fish you might get away with once every two weeks a gallon or so.
Agge
Agge - 3 years ago
Thank you these are good information to know!
Layla Adam
Layla Adam - 3 years ago
beautiful tank
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
Thanks!

10. comment for Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium

Darcy Nishi
Darcy Nishi - 3 years ago
I like the way you say water.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
Darcy Nishi yeah, the accent has probably faded since I've left new Zealand, but snippets must remain
John McGaa
John McGaa - 3 years ago
Nice post and beautiful work - thanks for the advice
inbedf
inbedf - 3 years ago
what temperature good for these fishes? is it grow amazon sword etc below 74F.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
they are less common.  I look for breeders, or in the summer months, people who ship the fish, which is pretty expensive for the shipping, but does allow you to get more interesting varieties.  They are quite sensitive fish, and require more frequent partial water changes, and good filtration.
inbedf
inbedf - 3 years ago
oh Good to know, so they above tropical fish environment. I have betta tank and some fished tetras etc till 80 to 82 max they survive, but needs to change now. so, researching. boring tiny fishes since 2 years we own 50 Gallon tank planted. thinking discus sure but I dont see these fishes near me in any stores.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 3 years ago
Good question.  Discus prefer to be in temperatures between 82-88 degrees Fahrenheit.  This ensures their general health.  Lower temps see them more likely to get diseases, especially fungoid types...
Tezzab42
Tezzab42 - 3 years ago
Thanks for the info man, have to say best discus I've ever seen
Mark Smith
Mark Smith - 3 years ago
love the discus you have and the plants look really lush
epicgamer10105 YT
epicgamer10105 YT - 4 years ago
hey! i want to start a 20 gallon tank for a crayfish (freshwater lobster) with some small plants and decor and i was wandering if you got any advice? i just know to clean out the chlorine and that i can feed the crayfish pretty much anything since there bottom feeders. =)
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
I'm not familiar with crayfish, epic, so I can't give you a whole lot of advice.  I've heard they're pretty sensitive to water parameters, so you may have to do some additional research there.  I think the best bet of course, with any tank, is ensuring it's cycled properly and stable before introducing any invertebrates for best results.  I'm sure there are plenty of communities willing to help.  I made the mistake recently of introducing some clean up shrimp.  I thought they were big enough, but the Discus fish absolutely demolished them as live food! Ugh! Sometimes, aquariums can be a little trial and error!
Eric C
Eric C - 4 years ago
have you tried carpet plants? I'm trying to grow monte carlo for the 2nd time its driving me mad. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KwH8VTuSxIk
Pa. Fish Preacher
Pa. Fish Preacher - 4 years ago
do you run co2 in this tank? What kind of light is it?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
Pa. Fish Preacher yes co2 is run. the light is a wave wavepoint brand, but I just canned it for an led fluval number, which generates less heat and doesn't churn though electricity. slightly less lumens wattage however...I am close to doing an update.
George Calderon
George Calderon - 4 years ago
awsome info thank you very much
Aquarismo
Aquarismo - 4 years ago
a beautiful aquarium, I liked a lot, thank you for sharing, I Subbed, visit my first aquarium, and give me your opinion

20. comment for Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium

sparaaaa
sparaaaa - 4 years ago
3-4 w / gallon sound high if ur not using CO2. rather aim at around 2 w /gallon
Kirsty Piper
Kirsty Piper - 4 years ago
Do you have plecos
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
yip. they breed
Robert Krais SR.
Robert Krais SR. - 4 years ago
Great Video for beginners like myself so I guess a 90 gallon tank would be ok  and what ratio would the substrate be 1/3 of each Gravel / Sand / Aqua-soil  Thanks Rob from Jersey
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
I think you're on the right track there, the clay/substrate doesn't need to be that thick
Naomi Correa
Naomi Correa - 4 years ago
lovely tank
Pokefan Matt
Pokefan Matt - 4 years ago
These Discus are beautiful. :)
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
thanks...
Francke Latter
Francke Latter - 4 years ago
is the substrate the same clay balls that are used in aquaponics?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
quite possibly...
Francke Latter
Francke Latter - 4 years ago
lots of good info
Wyatt Afterglow
Wyatt Afterglow - 4 years ago
this is an exact copy of someone else here on youtube :P
Sciddly Boogly
Sciddly Boogly - 4 years ago
Wyatt Afterglow that's a broad statement. who are you talking about? he couldn't have been the first fish tank YouTuber.
Our Piped Dreams
Our Piped Dreams - 4 years ago
I have a plant only tank with only a sucker fish! It does fairly well!
Hogo69
Hogo69 - 4 years ago
Is 29 gallon decent for a beginner ?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
I think you can definitely make do with a 29 gallon tank.  I don't think it's the size that's the issue, it's merely recognizing that different tank sizes present different challenges, and smaller doesn't necessarily equate to easier...

30. comment for Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium

Mark Copley
Mark Copley - 4 years ago
Water sounds good for african cichlids
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
yup
Mark Copley
Mark Copley - 4 years ago
GREAT DISCUS
juan sanchez
juan sanchez - 4 years ago
I got a salt water tank with a canister filter but I'm done with salt water can I reuse some rocks and same canister filter obviously I'm going to wash everything off and chance all my media on my canister filter but how about the rocks can I used some of those as well
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
I don't see why not as long as they're cleaned thoroughly.
Doug Crooke
Doug Crooke - 4 years ago
Your discus look great. Thanks for the informational vid.
Bryan and Cheri Stephen
Bryan and Cheri Stephen - 4 years ago
great info.
Jack smith
Jack smith - 4 years ago
Wow, your blue discusd looks massive! Btw how do you keep the algae off of your plants? mine seem to gaver this darkish brown algae on the leaves.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
nerite snails can help, mostly at this time it was luck, and removing any grotty looking leaves.
Damn Danno!
Damn Danno! - 4 years ago
Hey what's that substrate called
Wagner Bicalho
Wagner Bicalho - 4 years ago
Which ones of these fishes are still alive?
Wagner Bicalho
Wagner Bicalho - 4 years ago
+Pricklyhedgehog72 Discus are terribly difficult to keep. At least thats what I've heard. I never even considered one. One day I will have a fine planted aquarium too, I hope.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
+Wagner Bicalho sadly none of them made it.  One German blue ram survived, and my plecostamus fish.... I will be doing an update, just been busy with other projects, and not happy with the planting at the moment, due in part to my other projects...
Joricano
Joricano - 4 years ago
nice tank. how big is it?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
55 gallons...not sure on the liters, time 3.5?
Jake Stewart
Jake Stewart - 4 years ago
you really sold me on starting a planted tank :/
luciendante
luciendante - 4 years ago
This was super helpful and your voice is comforting. <3 Thanks!
pntbler
pntbler - 4 years ago
how do you keep the hair algae from taking over? I am having a hell of a time trying to keep I from taking over
pntbler
pntbler - 4 years ago
thanks for your reply.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
+pntbler When you have that many plants, they often starve algae of nutrients.  Watch your fertilization...nerite snails gobble up algae, but not everyone likes them in the tank.
GetInMyBelly
GetInMyBelly - 4 years ago
what is that black fish at the bottom right @ 11:00?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
a plecostamus. they come in a wide variety of colors and sizes. some are considered ornamental and can be expensive. mine is a big standard bristle nosed plecostamus, often referred to as "pleckies"...
DreamFishCom Sidd
DreamFishCom Sidd - 5 years ago
Nice video..nice tank
DreamFishCom Sidd
DreamFishCom Sidd - 5 years ago
Nice video..nice tank
anthony pope
anthony pope - 5 years ago
hi mate I have some lugwigia in my 43L tank with twin tubes 15 wats and my leaves on my lugwigia are falling off and I don't know why I am using co2 mine comes in a can and you just press the can and put in the co2 you need for the day I also use easy life profito professional ferts I did use at one point liquid carbon and I lost some of my oto cats they don't like carbon very much in also keep shrimps in my tanks but I have to be careful what I use if it's got copper in it it will kill the shrimps can I buy iron on its own I think that's what my lugwigia need some are going yellow
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+anthony pope okay sounds good man. I was thinking it was a 43 gallon tank, not liters, so yeah your lights are good then.
anthony pope
anthony pope - 5 years ago
OK thanks my lights on the tank with lugwigia as two tubes both 15 watts it's bright enough my other plants are ok I have 4 tanks on leds 2 on tubes I do a water change one a week and clean my filters once a month and check my ph nitrites and so on it will have a look on ebay and amazon for some iron cheers for the info happy fish keeping
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+anthony pope yes, iron supplements can be purchased as a stand alone product.  keep copper away from your tank, and only use freshwater plant approved micronutrients.  Ludwigia tends to grow better with more light, from my experience and regular water changes are important.   Often the plants shed leaves as they adjust from one tank's conditions to another too, but if they're rotting and dying off, there's an issue with the water chemistry.  I believe they like neutral to lightly acidic PH levels...7.5-5.5...i'm not a brilliant plant specialist.  check your PH, and particulate levels, my guess is your light may not be strong enough, unless it's an LED set up.  Hope this helps...
Alexis Treese
Alexis Treese - 5 years ago
Watch this introduction video about my educational AQUATERRA channel please!:)))

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAMrOdz2x1M
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
yes, thanks UK. been busy with other hobbies, but have been kicking around doing an update the last few days. new discus are thriving.
Tropical Tank UK
Tropical Tank UK - 5 years ago
I hope your tank is coming along after your bad event! cant wait for an update!

check my tank out! let me know what you think please!
Tropical Tank UK
Tropical Tank UK - 5 years ago
I hope your tank is coming along after your bad event! cant wait for an update!

check my tank out! let me know what you think please!

50. comment for Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium

Bahir Fahim
Bahir Fahim - 5 years ago
very nice tank
I would like to ask about how you can clean the substrate or gravel with this heavy planted tank?
Bahir Fahim
Bahir Fahim - 5 years ago
+Pricklyhedgehog72 thank you for your quick response
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+Bahir Fahim carefully...and around the plants...basically, the gravel will not be as clean as it could be...
Frankie Pallanca
Frankie Pallanca - 5 years ago
i wish you would show how much of a percentage by pointing with your finger on the tank instead of saying a percentage but beautiful tank
minecraft by rayhan hossain
minecraft by rayhan hossain - 5 years ago
cool
Shaun B the real one
Shaun B the real one - 5 years ago
having trouble keeping black stuff of my plants its like on the outside of the leafs only certain plants anyone know what to do or any ideas how to get rid
kye88
kye88 - 5 years ago
Q. with your RO water do you add Electro Right to your water? Apparently it adds in minerals for correct gill function.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+kye88 yes, once a month I add an R/O right, or more if I think it's necessary.
William Worth
William Worth - 5 years ago
had a reef was to expensive looking to do a High quality planted aquarium can you go high light with out using compressed CO2 and use something like flourish Excel
William Worth
William Worth - 5 years ago
just don't want to gas every thing
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
flourish is good if you don't have co2, but some plants won't thrive
William Worth
William Worth - 5 years ago
running 8 HO T5s is this over kill for a
72 bow looking to do dwarf baby tears
William Worth
William Worth - 5 years ago
massive alga bloom
 
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
not that I'm aware of. they need co2 as well as iron. never been able to get them to grow...
xAdamLeex
xAdamLeex - 5 years ago
Thanks for the tips :D
AiGalaxyS
AiGalaxyS - 5 years ago
Wow, this is awesome! love the live plants! how do you keep it clean? Pretty tough to do right? and do you have any tips of how to reinforce the bottom of the tank? I'm sorry worry to put too many rocks in it because of that. Mine is 10 gallon btw.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
it should be okay as long as there's bracing in the bottom
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
I am planning some more videos folks.  My neighbor misinterpreted my instructions while I was away on holiday, and killed almost every fish in the tank! Of course, it also ruined plants etc.  I was a little distressed.  But, it's an opportunity to salvage something, and rebuild a new environment as well.  Keep checking back, I'll let ya know...
fenrirgg
fenrirgg - 3 years ago
Pricklyhedgehog72
-Feed the fish once a day, here's the food.
-OK, so I put bleach once a day, that'll do.
Simon Nissen
Simon Nissen - 4 years ago
looking forward to it :) i have no issues with my fish, its mostly the plants.. running low tech aquarium
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
good call.  I have been meaning to revamp this video for a while, but just haven't had time! It will happen, just bear with me. 
Varun m
Varun m - 4 years ago
+Pricklyhedgehog72 It would help if you provide more explainations and reasons for various suggestion u say throughout your video , such as you said dont use tap water because it has chemicals in it, so would help telling us how that will affect the aquarium , the fishes and the plants.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
it was over feeding that did it.  he had x4 the food requirement, so when I came home, the tank was full of rotting blood worms.
Simon Nissen
Simon Nissen - 5 years ago
I know discus has a lot of requirements to thrive, but damn...
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
a week...
Simon Nissen
Simon Nissen - 5 years ago
+Pricklyhedgehog72 whoa.. how long were you gone?
mamel .juice
mamel .juice - 5 years ago
can you make more vids on fish tanks. good info
mamel .juice
mamel .juice - 5 years ago
oh man bummer
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+mamel .juice Actually, my tank suffered a disaster.  A neighbor misinterpreted my instructions...killed almost every fish in the tank after I got back from vacation.  I am in the process of rebuilding! And of course, a little distressed right now...
mamel .juice
mamel .juice - 5 years ago
I love this tank
Fresh2Salt Fishing
Fresh2Salt Fishing - 5 years ago
Is a ten gallon planted tank good for guppy breeding?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+Cyril Tveit yep. guppies are very easy to breed...I can't stop mine from proliferating...in a 45 gallon though.
anthony pope
anthony pope - 5 years ago
How often do you do a water change is once a week to much or would you do it once a month
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+anthony pope Once a week...it can more, it can be a little less.  depends on size of the tank, and what's in it...etc, etc.
anthony pope
anthony pope - 5 years ago
Hi mate I have a few tanks but my very big tank I have a very high ammonia its at 8.0 my nitrite nitrate are at zero I have put in some zeolite in how long will it take to get down to zero as I have lost some of my fish it's a well planted tank and they get fed one a week with pro ferterlizer I can remember the name my other two tanks are spot on with nitrate and so on so I can't understand why my ammonia is high in my big tank as do all the same stuff with All my tanks so I need a bit of help
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+anthony pope Any luck with the ammonia levels?  I was cleaning out my filters today, I use Marineland 350 canister filters, which are pretty solid units for their price.  While cleaning them out, I had an epiphany.  I use ammonia reducing medium, also from marineland, it's a mix of charcoal and another product, it's called "Diamond Blend."  This may also help you in your cause.  Plus, in the filters, I use a mix of stuff to increase bacteria growth - bacteria which gobbles up ammonia.  I use the diamond blend, ceramic discs, and a product from seachem called "Matrix", which is just a variation on the ceramic discs.  It's a porous rock, similar to pumice, which again provides more places for bacteria to grow and thrive.  More bacteria = more ammonia gobbling.  At least that's the theory.  Hope this helps!
anthony pope
anthony pope - 5 years ago
Cheers will do
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+anthony pope Anthony, sorry I didn't see your question 'til now.  Without looking at what's in your tank specifically I'd be guessing.  Over feeding, too many fish, and possibly an inadequate filter/filter medium, might be a basic start, but that's just speculation.  Have a look at this article as a starting point, and do some research.  I'm surprised it's high in a big tank, how many gallons?  If you're doing water changes, what's your water source?  Have a look at this article as a starting point: http://www.fishchannel.com/fish-health/healthy-aquariums/controlling-ammonia.aspx
Iknow789
Iknow789 - 5 years ago
Overall, good video. One small thing, frequent water changes aren't necessarily a good thing with a planted tank. Changing the water often could result in swings in CO2 concentration, which causes plants to try to shift to higher CO2 levels while algae grows and uses the CO2 and then the plants try to adjust to the lower CO2 level just in time for the next water change. Having a stable level of CO2 in the water will help plants outcompete algae, so with low light tanks it's best to lightly stock and do infrequent water changes. If you want to stock normal or high and use low light it's best to not try to also grow plants since frequent water changes are a must in that situation, if you want a normal stocking level and plants you pretty much have to add some carbon source on a consistent basis and have at least medium light with fast growing plants then you can change the water without issue.
Tor Erik
Tor Erik - 5 years ago
scould i clean the filter every week when i do the water change? i got a 14gallon tank.
im having cloudy water, only had the tank for 3 days.. great video. :)
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+Tor Erik  the tank is cycling right now, Tor, so no need to change the filter medium.  Once a month is enough.  Eventually the water will clear, but it may take several weeks...the cloudiness could be caused by several things, but most likely an algae bloom, which is a profusion of microorganisms thriving in the warm water of the tank.  In simple terms your water has to find it's natural equilibrium...it's far too early to be messing with anything just yet.  Wait, and let things happen.  Look up articles on new tank cycling, there's a lot of information out there, your condition at this time is extremely common.  Be patient...
Chase .N
Chase .N - 5 years ago
Its your tank a dirtied tank or not
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
+Chase Nicholson no.
Bagger Jax
Bagger Jax - 5 years ago
Great info M8T
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
cheers!
Ross Underwood
Ross Underwood - 5 years ago
I love the video, but at the same time all the fillers are driving me crazy.  You seem a little bit too nervous.  All of the ums or uhs make it hard to listen to when you're trying your own tank.  Silence is better than filler words.  Awesome instructional video though man! 
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
Yeah it's probably time to refilm with a little more polish.  It was a first attempt...
elvisaquarium
elvisaquarium - 5 years ago
Great video and beautiful aquarium!!!
itanimulli1111
itanimulli1111 - 5 years ago
These fish hit the aquarium lottery landing in such a beautiful tank. It's always nice seeing people taking such good care of their pets. Thank you for all your knowledge,much appreciated!!
dragon0361
dragon0361 - 5 years ago
I have a 75 gallon planted that is now a jungle. I dont do ANY water changes. I set it up about 4 years ago and only add water due to evaporation. I have a fluval 405 that I clean every 6 months or so. As long as you have the proper lighting and clean your filter every 3-6 months your tank will be fine.

Also dont do any vacuum cleaning. The plants need those nutrients.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
+Rocco Belloni look into LED lighting these days.  Lots of options...honestly it depends on what you have growing in your tank.  LED's have made my high watt light somewhat redundant...
Trafalgar Law
Trafalgar Law - 5 years ago
I don't think plants like Java fern or Java moss or even anubias need light rights? I think room lights will suffice
Denny  Nason
Denny Nason - 5 years ago
Yes those are all low light plants that will suffice with indirect lighting and therefore make excellent beginner plants for those new to the planted aquarium hobby.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
yes.  there are low light plants that do very well without the high wattage.
parker simpson
parker simpson - 6 years ago
Would you say 30 gallon is too small? Even if I only want to put 2 plants or so in it?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
it'll be fine to start off with, you'll find you want a bigger tank.  I know I do, but the wife isn't keen just yet.
shannonfbc1
shannonfbc1 - 6 years ago
love your planted tank by the way, ive never tried my hand at a planted tank yours almost makes it tempting (other then the fact that i cant keep house plants alive lol)
shannonfbc1
shannonfbc1 - 6 years ago
20 gal with a betta, 6 cory cats, 6 neon tetras and 2 african dwarf frogs..... even with removing uneaten food right away and target feeding requires 50% water change every week....i use a biowheel and of course treat my tap water to remove the chlorine the add bacteria each water change as well
Mahmoud A. Izaks
Mahmoud A. Izaks - 6 years ago
First of all, Thanks for sharing this video. It's a pretty nice tank, but don't you think there is no room for the fish to swim around? 
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Bender, I use a product called R/O right, which provides the minerals you're referring to.
Bodhi Dawson
Bodhi Dawson - 6 years ago
Hey you mentioned in the video a mineral replacement for RO water.  I have been reading about this but many sites are inconsistent.  I have an RO and found my first fish to die instantly due to the lack of hardness. Zero doesn't allow the fish's membrane to hold its nutrients and thus dies. Also, it has very shifty PH. My current option is use about 1/3-1/2 RO and a bit of sea salt for fresh water fish.  For the rest of the water you can use waist water from the RO that at least has gone through the pre filters or simple filtered water nothing fancy. Last option tap water treated with chem.  It seems to work but I would very much like to get away from the tap water and partially filtered water from the big berky.  What do you use to mineralize the RO water?  Im afraid you never quite got to it later in the video.  
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
+Bodhi Dawson hey good advice!! thanks for sharing
Bodhi Dawson
Bodhi Dawson - 4 years ago
Yes but I found the kent RO right to not be enough better than nothing but its fairly expensive. I recommend a portion of what is called "dirty ro" You save a bit of the Dirty water from the RO system because it has at least gone through the charcoal filter and pre sediment.  Use 1/4-1/5 Dirty RO to Pure RO.  This makes an awesome base for ph and GH.  Still the water will be very pure, soft and chemical free. At that point for the plants aqua iron 1/4teaspoon 30 gal. and liquid seaweed 1cap 30 gallons.  These are great natural ways to add the minerals the fish and plants needs.  Lastly crush coral with a hammer into dust, this makes for a great calcium replacement.  Best of luck.  I too killed some fish with pure RO.   
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
+Bodhi Dawson A product called R/O Right...I think it's by Kent Marine?
Gareth Headland
Gareth Headland - 6 years ago
I'm having trouble finding clay on the internet.  Could you point me towards the right stuff?

Thanks in advance.
Iknow789
Iknow789 - 5 years ago
+Gareth Headland Cat sand is almost as good(though doesn't look as good) as the expensive aquarium stuff. Now, by cat sand I mean the natural stuff with no added fragrances or chemicals to improve clumping. It's a type of clay and the main difference is it's not as rich in iron as the red clays and has a slightly lower CEC. Still, for most applications it'll work great and $2-3 for a 20lbs bag is much better than $17+shipping for 15 lbs of fluorite.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
paintbro100
paintbro100 - 6 years ago
i've recently restarted the aquarium phenomenon and it looks like you have the exact same size tank and same light setup as me haha. Except I've had mine for a while and forgot its size, would you mind telling me what size your tank is so i could have a good estimate of what I'm working with? I could send a picture if you want too. Many thanks
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
55 gallon
TAMMY SCHMID
TAMMY SCHMID - 6 years ago
I inherited a planted 42 gallon octagon tank with a canister filter. I am trying to educate myself on aquariums and fish because I've never had one. You video is very helpful. I also now know what fish I want when i know what i am doing....Discus. They are beautiful! What other fish are compatible with Discus?
parker simpson
parker simpson - 5 years ago
Ok good to know thank you.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
There's so many choices.  I'm using wavepoint brand lights, but I always look at online reviews...LED is the way to go these days.
parker simpson
parker simpson - 5 years ago
I hear ya. I really only have had redfin sharks, African catfish, well semi aggressive fish. The only tank I have going at the moment is my 44 gallon. I only have a plecostomus and a red fin. Drift wood center with baby tear around it and some green ozelot here and there. I need a better light cause they have been melting longer than they should be. What light do you feel is best?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 5 years ago
The electric blues are not as aggressive.  They are a little smaller than a typical Dempsey and tend to be more mild mannered.  Anything that can fit in it's mouth will be gobbled up of course, but you can keep them with discus.  Of course the caveat is really the temperament of the fish, like all cichlids, now and again you get a mean one.  I would only encourage you to do this if you're experienced with the species.  If you have neons and guppies in with your discus, and introduce a large Dempsey, you'll lose your neons and guppies.  
 
parker simpson
parker simpson - 6 years ago
+Pricklyhedgehog72 I was bout to ask cause aren't jack Dempseys super aggressive?
TAMMY SCHMID
TAMMY SCHMID - 6 years ago
Thank you!
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
neons,guppies, rams.  I've heard that angels can spread diseases.  I know one guy who keeps electric blue jack Dempsey's with his.  They won't hurt the discus, but can damage aquascape....  I am thinking about getting some rams.  Basically anything that's calm.  You don't want fin nippers, or Asian sucker fish, which will eat the slime coat. 
Danil ANikiforov
Danil ANikiforov - 6 years ago
What plant is that in the middle,(the bushy one that has many leaves) at 10:53 the yellow fish is nibbling on it. 
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Pennywort.
patrick jullian
patrick jullian - 6 years ago
nice fishes + tank wow
Mrdiscus Clearwater
Mrdiscus Clearwater - 6 years ago
Cheers lee for advice, yep I'm doing water changes 4 times a week 2 ,30 percent then 2 , 50 percent the discus Seem to be doing good all look great no black ones , so touch wood the cycle goes through quicker, they are eating great three times a day on by , bloodworm and flakes and pellets . So is that how you know once cycle is done once all the readings drop down cheers for help
Matts Aquascapes
Matts Aquascapes - 6 years ago
Hi, i just wanted to ask you if you would mind giving me a shout out!!! i love your videos and have watched most all of them!! i am 13 and trying to get people to  watch my videos on fish just like you do. so PLEASE RESPOND and hopefully you can help me out i really need some people to watch my videos. Again i love you videos and i would love it if you could help me out. Thanks
Matts Aquascapes
Matts Aquascapes - 4 years ago
Thanks man, I have grown up a little bit and figured things out on my own, Goodluck to you and your channel! thanks
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
+Matts Aquascapes Good luck, Matts.  As you can see, there is some You Tube protocol in all of this...I am flattered you've watched my vids and wish you all the best with your channel.  Keep it fresh, and keep it current, and of course informative, and you've got as good a shot as anyone.  I'm not making money off this channel, I just do it all for fun, and hope to inspire some people, and help out others.  Cheers, mate.
Fudge You
Fudge You - 4 years ago
+Rachel La Not much young than me, so instead how about you shut up?
Rachel La
Rachel La - 4 years ago
+Fudge You the kid is 13 dude. shut up
Matts Aquascapes
Matts Aquascapes - 4 years ago
+Fudge You
Ok sorry.
Matts Aquascapes
Matts Aquascapes - 4 years ago
ok, I do not care about your opinion, so have a nice day
Fudge You
Fudge You - 4 years ago
Don't ask for shout outs it's anoying, and no one does it at the end of the day.
Mrdiscus Clearwater
Mrdiscus Clearwater - 6 years ago
Great tank excellent analasis.prickly I've just started out with discus I've had my tank running for two weeks now with bogwood and discus in.i never cycled my tank before I put fish in as didn't know , I'm doing thirty percent water changes every couple of days but my readings are of the charts amonnia , nitrate and nitrite , trying everything to get balance right , don't want my discus dying as watching all these clips .please any ideas would be greatful . I've been adding tapsafe , salt and ph minus to try to lower getting no where errr helppp lol
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 4 years ago
+Mrdiscus Clearwater How did you get on?  I'm curious to know...it's a shame the employees at the store didn't do more digging into your setup, usually they ask how old your tank is...
lee mcshane
lee mcshane - 6 years ago
the tank should always be cycled first as you now know. It normally takes about 1 month to cycle so you have a battle on your hands especially with discus as they can be really sensitive fish. My best advice would be to take the discus back to the shop until the tank is cycled. Discus are for the more experienced fisk keeper so its always going to be a battle for someone who's just started. If you don't take them back then just keep doin the water changes the ammonia will settle first quite quick but the nitrites will take a few weeks so just keep the water changes up till the nitrites show 0 then your tank is cycled. The ph will probably stay consistent because of the frequent water changes so the discus mite adapt even tho it will probably be higher than they like. They like it about.( 6.5)The bogwood will lower ph to more what the discus like but that's when the tank is cycled and your not doing so many frequent water changes. Good luck.
scotty green
scotty green - 6 years ago
Great info! Thanks
Craig Woodhull
Craig Woodhull - 6 years ago
the snails will clean off the leaves as well
Craig Woodhull
Craig Woodhull - 6 years ago
Wood'y"s Discus,
Great looking tank !! Iron is the key Trace elementa etc, all have iron in them
Nerite snails will clean up all your algae I had 8 oe them in my 40 ( it was bad ).Now there is only three left Larger tank 60 gal )on my next plant order I will buy more.
anthony pope
anthony pope - 6 years ago
Hi mate love your tank and your talk about your tank dose your uv need mains electric or air can you get back to me please
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
The sterilizer uses mains electric. 
Phil Brit
Phil Brit - 6 years ago
Are you from australia or New Zealand ?????
Phil Brit
Phil Brit - 6 years ago
:)!!!!!!
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
true, true. 
Phil Brit
Phil Brit - 6 years ago
anyway these are way out of the subject of fish keeping ........heheheheh 
Phil Brit
Phil Brit - 6 years ago
no mate if your a kiwi born your a kiwi born , live the pride , never stop the fire!!!
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
I'm an American now, but you can't take all of the Kiwi out of me overnight...
Phil Brit
Phil Brit - 6 years ago
go new Zealand!
Phil Brit
Phil Brit - 6 years ago
keep the videos going!!!
Phil Brit
Phil Brit - 6 years ago
no wonder why?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
New Zealand, mate.
Mr Tombola
Mr Tombola - 6 years ago
got tanks since 30 years started with a 30 Liter tank one Lava Stone one plant and 3 goldfish,now i got 3 sweetwater Setups 200liter 170 Liter and 60 Liter .your tank Looks very cool love the healthy plants greetings from germany
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
thanks!
tnttruax
tnttruax - 6 years ago
Beautiful tank, what size is it? I am trying to grow a few plants in a 10 gal. tank with 3 platty's , 3 swordtails and 3 mollies,...I have a light on for about 8 to 10 hours a day, Do you have any suggestions?
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Try aquariumplants.com.  There are good suggestions on types of plants based on the light strength, and beginner plants as well.
jeviam
jeviam - 6 years ago
55g
Russ Andres
Russ Andres - 6 years ago
this makes it sound misleading. keeping an aquarium is not difficult. and not much work at all. maybe saying that keeping a discus tank and a planted tank might be a bit more work, but not fish tanks in general. most people getting into aquariums don't start with discus or plants... so to those who want to get into aquariums, its really not difficult or hard work. this tank he has is more work only because he has discus fish and live plants.
Scott Allen Milliken
Scott Allen Milliken - 3 years ago
LOL exactly
ADU Aquascaping
ADU Aquascaping - 6 years ago
Haha, alright egotistical man. LOL. Yep you are right you won. I am actually an environmental engineering student and get straight A's in mathematics and chemistry, but what do I know. Grow up. Peace! I will mute this conversation after I am done writing this. Go ahead, you can have the last word. Bye bye now.
DefStatic
DefStatic - 6 years ago
+ADU Aquascaping The fact that you still continue to interpret what I am saying as it is easy or doesn't take work helps in my already supported hypothesis that you probably indulge too much in smoking really amazing Cannabis plants. You might also be a bit delusional as well.

And following already well established guidelines or as the paradigm goes carbon copying others aquascaping does not make one an expert.

My point was and still is that it does not have to be difficult, if you do your homework. If you run down to your local chain store and buy a tank, whatever filter they suggest, toss in some house brand rocks, stick in whatever tube plants they carry, use test strips, and add whatever fish, then yeah you are probably going to have a crappy experience.

But if you simply do your homework, a well maintained and properly setup tank will almost manage itself.

Do it all from scratch, with no information available. That is difficult. Benefiting from decades of aquarium keeping and the expansive information exchange capabilities of the internet, that is a proverbial cake walk.

Again, R E L A X. Put down the hooka. I am not saying nor have I ever commented that planted aquarium keeping is easy. I am just saying it does not need to be as difficult as you are making it sound. You started this by saying "+Scott Allen Milliken For hobbyists looking to get into plants they should do a low tech. But to say an Aquascaped high tech tank doesn't need love or is easy isn't true." MY response to the OP and the video narrator was that the video narrator was trying to help those who may get frustrated entering the hobby.

It is sort of like looking at weight loss strategies. Almost all of them work. The problem is most people will do it for a week or a month and not see the results and they just give up. You see it in aquarium and all hobbies. It does take patience and dedication. And you will need to do research. But really in the long run, is that really asking a lot?

And yes, experience is an excellent teacher. But if could do it over again, I would do more research and make my life much easier. And I would have no lost half the fish or plants that I did over the past few years.
ADU Aquascaping
ADU Aquascaping - 6 years ago
+DefStatic You disagree with what? I think everything you are saying is right out of your ass, how does that sound?  You are right, you didn't say it. I am saying it. Aquascaping isn't just a planted tank. And high tech aquascapes are not easy to balance and only beginners that have had luck on their first one or two scapes think so. The same can be said for any high tech tank. It isn't a different subject, it is the ability to create art vs throwing plants in the tank. Both situations are using the same sciences, it is a planted tank after all. They both take work, one just takes more dedication. Your definition of "great plant growth" or "what is a good tank" is totally subjective as is mine. I have seen beginners that pull it off and then come running back to Tom Barr and other veterans looking for advice. Are you trying to say that Tom Barr and other experienced aquascapers are wrong when they say it takes work. The fact that you think it doesn't take work or is easy tells me you probably don't know much about plant care. Let me tell you man it does take work so don't try and discredit myself or thousands of other veteran aquascapers by saying that any beginner can do it. That just isn't true. I wasn't really trying to debate, but we all have EGOs. LOL.  Reading thousands of books or theories will never compare to experience. Ask any veteran aquascaper if it takes work and dedication and they will all look at you like, "What do you think." If it didn't take work it wouldn't be a very interesting hobby and I would have left years ago. In life what doesn't take work? Face the facts man. And there is nothing wrong with using RO/DI FYI. Some people have to because their tap is liquid rock. It doesn't take much KHCO3 to replenish RO water when doing planted tanks.

It's about as absurd as saying "growing really amazing Cannabis plants really isn't that hard," says the novice.

When considering chemistry you can say it is harder to balance than a Reef. Besides the fact that I have had many Reef and planted tanks over the years. It is easier to keep corals thriving and balance a reef than it is to balance a high tech planted tank without algae. It isn't apples and oranges, they are using the same chemistry. A tank with  a low KH and the addition of CO2, plus added nutrients while subduing algae growth is harder to balance than a tank  with high KH levels and one where you take the nutrients and organics out of the water. Plants are primitive and more sensitive to changes. It is a misconception and myth that Reef is harder, just more expensive in most circumstances. Just my two cents, peace!
DefStatic
DefStatic - 6 years ago
+ADU Aquascaping I couldn't disagree more. I never claimed that a high tech planted tank (aquascaping is by nature a different subject IMO) doesn't need love or is easier. Simply that if someone did their homework, there is such a vast amount of information out there that it would not be impossible to start a high tech tank for a beginner. Would I suggest such a thing? No more than I would suggest a reef tank be filled with tap water or a fresh water aquarium be used with RO/DI (outside of a discuss tank or someone putting serious work into replenishing nutrients to such a level).

Also, there is simply no way you can back such a claim that keeping a high tech planted tank is on the same level of a high tech reef tank. Its just really apples and oranges.

But I do agree, the preferred method would be to start low tech. Odds are if you can survive low tech, you are going to suffer from MTS anyways (Multi-Tank Syndrome). Gosh knows I went from one to 5 in two years LOL.
ADU Aquascaping
ADU Aquascaping - 6 years ago
+Scott Allen Milliken For hobbyists looking to get into plants they should do a low tech. But to say an Aquascaped high tech tank doesn't need love or is easy isn't true. It is harder to maintain and balance a high tech aquascape than it is to maintain a coral reef tank. The organic chemistry balancing act is second to none. And having the ability or want to aquascape is totally different than a standard planted tank. People should face the facts and know that it can be a lot of work. It all depends on what you want to get out of the hobby. I use a pretty simple low tech method that works great for beginners.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Well said.
Scott Allen Milliken
Scott Allen Milliken - 6 years ago
I think the point was it does not have to be frustrating if you get into the hobby properly. Someone just starting our really shouldnt start with things like Nano tanks or Discus tanks. That being said, a beginner could start a tank like the one in this video without much frustration if they follow the guidelines/learning that hobbiest before have discovered. But it is still considered much more advanced. Not too mention if you lose a guppy you are out $3, if you lose a discus you could be out $50.

I also think another problem is potential hobbiest will go to a chain fish store and the advice they give is not typically good or suggested advice. I have seen clerks at some of these places sell fish incorrectly or tank setups incorrectly. Some of the equipment these places carry are not in reality good tanks. 

Are their simpler tanks to keep? Sure. Some people just want fake plants and pirate ships. However there is a growing trend, and a very good one, or recreating ecosystems properly and using live plants. Using live plants is one of the greatest things you can do to help simplify your aquarium maintenance.

And aquariums really benefit from patience. Natural cycle your tank. Allow it to get established. Don't over stock. A well established tank will almost maintain itself.

Just my two cents, great video. A little rambling but the point is valid. DO YOUR HOMEWORK. Join a local clud. Find a internet forum.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
I think that's a fair comment.  Keeping some tanks is not hard work, but it can be hard work keeping a planted tank, and I wanted to pass on my experiences to people who were interested in trying.  A lot of people go into this hobby and end up frustrated, and I think that's a shame because it can be so rewarding.
jeviam
jeviam - 6 years ago
I'd say it was hard work!
Versaquatics1
Versaquatics1 - 6 years ago
Incredible how similar our aquariums are.  Spooky almost.  :)
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
I found this excellent article on how C02 affects the water chemistry, for this interested in using C02 injection to stimulate plant growth and reducing PH levels where alkalinity exists.  http://www.skepticalaquarist.com/dissolved-co2-ph
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Hey no worries.... I think debate on the topic is important, and heated arguments only underlies an individuals passion for the hobby. I'm a hack compared to you - your tanks speak for themselves in terms of your knowledge and experience.  My entire video was intended to be a fraction of knowledge on the hobby, and a heads up to people thinking it isn't much work to get things set up.  I'm still making mistakes and learning.
ADU Aquascaping
ADU Aquascaping - 6 years ago
+Pricklyhedgehog72 Thanks for subscribing and deleting the conversation. Sorry for being an ass on your channel, but I am sick of being politically correct and we have so many haters in our community compared to others. I just couldn't hold it in any longer. If you didn't delete it I was going to. It really all depends on what you want to get out of the hobby. And for someone to say it doesn't take dedication and hard work is completely absurd. Thanks for the great video, subbed. Cheers!
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Thanks for the info!
ADU Aquascaping
ADU Aquascaping - 6 years ago
That's alright, but no one should try to lower their carbonate hardness with CO2. You will suffocate the fish long before you reach your goal of actually lowering KH. Lower KH is the key and should be done by diluting your tap with RO/DI. CO2 will give a reading of lower pH, but your KH can still be high, high KH inhibits uptake of nutrients by plants because they become bound or oxidized by the hydroxides. Check out the Seachem.com website for a really in depth look at CO2 and the carbon cycle, cheers!
Maritza Serrano
Maritza Serrano - 6 years ago
Where do you get your plants from? i don't want to get any from my petco because they are in horrible condition :/
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
You have a couple of options if you want to avoid Petco and major chains.  A non-chain hobby store who are specialists in fresh water aquariums, or an online source.  I have used aquariumplants.com with success, but it is spendy as you have to pay for overnight shipping, and you need to order in the warmer months if you live in a colder climate in the winter months.  Aquariumplants.com have good information on what to expect from their plants and user reviews. 
Douglas Hohlfelder
Douglas Hohlfelder - 6 years ago
What regulator and canisters do you use for co2?  I am just starting into co2 and it's daunting.  May just start liquid and keeping plants happy w nutrients, but would eventually enjoy a carpet!  Thanks

100. comment for Basics of Maintaining a Fresh Water Planted Aquarium

Steve Rousseau
Steve Rousseau - 6 years ago
Concise,well narrated and clearly explained basics, that I wish I had known at the early stages of fish and plant keeping. The video is one of the best I have seen in a long time and I will refer back to it in the future. Many thanks. subbed.
Steve.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Thanks, Steve. I was thinking of recording a new one to be little slicker, and less meandering.  Appreciate the feedback from everyone here.  This is a fabulous hobby, and I hate to think of people giving up just because they got into hurdles.  I have just bought a second tank, and will be doing a video diary of getting that set up!  Stay tuned.
Sergio Sinay
Sergio Sinay - 6 years ago
great looking tank! 
Bradz.gaming
Bradz.gaming - 6 years ago
Please subscribe
Blackout
Blackout - 6 years ago
BEAUTIFUL DISCUS
Carlos M.
Carlos M. - 6 years ago
nice vid, whats your take on LED lighting for planted tanks such as yours? 
Alarm777
Alarm777 - 6 years ago
Can I use RO/DI water? If so I do have liquid fertilizer to add. I am currently using city water. I also have glass tops on my planted tank, do you think that its better to not have the glass? I have LED's and its a 50-55 gallon  aquarium. Can you suggest any Good Forums?  Also very excellent video
Jonathan Kane
Jonathan Kane - 6 years ago
Love the setup, cant wait to see more videos. Im still a noob with plants, but always eager to learn more.
Jonathan Kane
Jonathan Kane - 6 years ago
I have a lot of chlorine in my tap water. I let it evaporate for 24 hours in buckets, unplug the heater and then add prime. The tank will drop down to room temp in 48 hours for my 55, so 24 hours isnt going to make that drastic of a change. I add the room temp water after 24 hours and adding prime. I would love to just go get an ro system to avoid the process of letting it evaporate the chlorine out.

The plants he to balance out the levels in my water, however learning more and more. I suggest people that are interested buy a dirted tank guide fist. I bought dustins dirted tank guide from a friend and downloaded Diane walstads(sorry if I spelt it wrong) and to this day still absorb information from youtube and the books. Always further your research in this hobby, if not you will get sick of it, and I will be buying your setup on Craigslist.
Martin Alberto Gamino
Martin Alberto Gamino - 6 years ago
Thank you so much for sharing your experiences and knowledge, very helpful and very accurate.
I really like your fish and your plants are awesome.
Gaelan Kindall
Gaelan Kindall - 6 years ago
Thanks for this video, I'm a first timer and I also am learning. So far so good, that is because I am moving slow, but I care and I want the best results !
Carlos Olvera
Carlos Olvera - 6 years ago
What time of plants do you keep in there ???
Freshwater Aquatics
Freshwater Aquatics - 6 years ago
new to hobby can some help me with my aquarium I have a video but can't post if interested in helping me out I could email you so you can check it out
J Squared
J Squared - 6 years ago
Very nice tank, Most of the time you see discus in a bear tank it's nice to see them with plants! You gave out a lot of good information for people who are just starting out in the hobby I think with aquariums you either love them or you just don't understand people that do!
jointheresistence123
jointheresistence123 - 6 years ago
Good video. Liked it a lot more than some other annoying fish hobbyists. ;)
Robbie Hollis
Robbie Hollis - 6 years ago
Your tank is beautiful! 
Jeremiah Chin
Jeremiah Chin - 6 years ago
At 11:22, do you consider your catfish has clamped fins? I thought that is cause by bad water or stress. Could you please let me know? Thanks
Tom will
Tom will - 6 years ago
all well said and appreciated.
severe weather
severe weather - 6 years ago
Yes ramshorn and common pond snails arent harmful they eat small algae and have never eaten my plants.
Jason Stroman
Jason Stroman - 6 years ago
Careful with the more light equating ro better plant growth. That is not always true. Especially in a planted aquarium were balance is needed. You need 3 things. Light, nutrients (ferts) and C02. If any of the elements are not at an equilibrium you run into problems. Adding additional light may seem good but can be tricky. If you add more light you will also have to increase nutrients and C02. Adding light Only will only increase and promote algae growth. Algae will out compete the plants if light is increases and not C02 and ferts Always. Adding light alone does not give you tremendous growth it leads to algae outbreaks. Balance balance balance. Remember that. If you are not injecting C02 and do not have a dirt ed or nutrient rich substrate then light alone will only promote an algae outbreak.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
True...it is about balance.  Remember though, this is just the basics...I was mainly referencing those cheap lights that are sold w/tanks and often don't have enough wattage to truly provide enough light for most plants. 
Douglas Hohlfelder
Douglas Hohlfelder - 6 years ago
What water did you say you used?  My tap is equally hard and tends to be higher in ph.  Some say use distilled and others say spring water.  Still trying to research and learn myself.  Love your tank!
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Reverse Osmosis water, most of the minerals you refer to are taken out of the tap water...a good aquarium store will sell the water fairly cheaply...
Devin Loewer
Devin Loewer - 6 years ago
Nice Discus!
severe weather
severe weather - 6 years ago
I never have algae because i have ramshorn and common pond snails! I dont understand why people are so anti snails if you have too many you can let extras go they get eaten by turtles and fish they dont overpopulate in wild
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Yes, you can get algae eating snails that are not harmful.  As well as cleaner crabs and other invertebrates which gobble up scraps...
Dana Jackson
Dana Jackson - 6 years ago
beautiful
Andrew A A Smith
Andrew A A Smith - 6 years ago
Thanks for all the info.  Great tank and Discus.
Janssen Garcia Santos
Janssen Garcia Santos - 6 years ago
For some reason I only do 20% water chanted every month for my angelfish and they have spawned fry...??? the tank does fine :)
Janssen Garcia Santos
Janssen Garcia Santos - 6 years ago
thanks for the info i will do and yes i will hope to set up a fry tank.
Jonathan Kane
Jonathan Kane - 6 years ago
I know when I bred cichlids, I would take 5 gallons of cycled tank water and get a fry tank up and running while they chilled in one of the many hang on breeders or just a few floating breeders in the tank. I never lost a single fry and still have unused store credit at the lfs.

If you're parents are popping out kids, you are keeping the mood right. Some people it is candlelight dinners and a romantic night, for fish its proper water conditions. Just my 2 cents take it or leave it.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
If it's working for you and the fish are healthy, then don't mess with a good thing.
Janssen Garcia Santos
Janssen Garcia Santos - 6 years ago
Oh ok thanks!! In my opinion big water changes shock the fish too much so small ones but they still do great thanks for the reply!
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
if they're spawning, you're doing something right.
Hanz C
Hanz C - 6 years ago
with all the plants, they don't seem to have swimming room
Johanan Micaiah
Johanan Micaiah - 6 years ago
There is enough swimming room
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
They are just fine.  people need to stop freaking out.  Discus are big enough now they merely push the plants out of the way. Additionally, major plant purges occur every 1-2 months to keep the plants under control.
Vincent Gonzalez
Vincent Gonzalez - 6 years ago
Great tank
dfunkt
dfunkt - 6 years ago
dope tank!  your plants are lush.
Elvisr29
Elvisr29 - 6 years ago
Great job but I think your tank is over crowded. Those places with own that tank in months. And your disc should have more room. But the tank is attractive.
Akvarie Planten
Akvarie Planten - 6 years ago
Nice tank please check my planted tank Channel too
D Smith
D Smith - 6 years ago
Do you ever have problems with discus aggression? I used to keep them and no matter what I did I always had a dominant discus that would torture the other discus.  These were kept in a 75 gallon tank.
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
I can't remember the name of the substrate I bought.  I'd avoid dirt just in case there's something in the soil you don't know about.  Typically it's a clay based substance you need, which has a lot of minerals in it, and allows the plants to root.  I've done the yeast trick, it works pretty well, but ultimately it's more expensive I think than the CO2 injection from a tank, only because it's hard to get consistency.  You end up going through a lot of sugar...might be okay though in a 20 gallon.  The initial outlay is higher, with the proper system, but the 1 liter tank I have, lasts me about 3 months or more, and costs about 4 bucks to fill at my local sports equipment store.  The fact you can monitor your levels and the consistency is very important for the PH levels which might otherwise fluctuate.  I noticed major plant growth with CO2, but with the yeast system, it was inconsistent as the levels drop so quick.  Much more stable with the cylinder...good luck.
D Smith
D Smith - 6 years ago
Thank you for the in depth reply!  I gave up on Discus and now just manage a few reef tanks.  But I'm in the process of a 20 gallon long planted tank build for the bedroom.  I'm doing a DIY cree led fixture for my lighting, mostly because I had some spare materials laying around from a previous light build.  It will have 10 5W Cree cool white leds (~6500k) with 2 blue leds and a couple ultraviolet moonlights.  Also, what do you reccomend for my substrate?  I don't not want to do dirt.  I have an RO unit.  And I'm considering co2 (perhaps diy yeast?)
Any thoughts?
Thanks!
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 6 years ago
Yes.  I have.  It's typical Cichlid behavior and the only recommendation I have is keeping enough so that the dominant fish can't harass, bully and bite a single fish.  Right now I have four discus: two males and two females...I found this out by chance, I didn't sex them.  The males get into it a lot, but the blood parrot you see in this video, has grown to the size of a large saucer since I made this vid, and is big enough to look after himself.  One female has paired with the other male, so she is very, very aggressive and attacks both the blood parrot and the other female.  There is enough weed and hardscape for them to have territories and escape harassment most of the time...but it is hard to watch them peck and chase each other.  Many discus owners have almost no hardscape, or plants, and have a large school, say 5-10 fish (if you can afford it) this seems to be the best methodology for reducing the scrapping, short of having just one fish.  I had one male a while back who killed other tank mates and had to farm him out to someone else.  They're beautiful fish, but like I said they're also cichlids and display that species' behavior.  Keeping them well fed can also help, but they get riled up at feeding time too, I guess it's part of the challenge of keeping them. 
Rice Scapes
Rice Scapes - 7 years ago
nice tank and beautiful discus. sub'd
Tommy S
Tommy S - 7 years ago
Great tank! 
Natural Aquatics Eco-Aquascaping
Natural Aquatics Eco-Aquascaping - 7 years ago
No Truer words were ever spoken..... Thanks for the Video.... TANK ON !! 
Pricklyhedgehog72
Pricklyhedgehog72 - 7 years ago
Thanks Dylan...tank on indeed!
CK Poorboy
CK Poorboy - 7 years ago
Nice tank. Just subbed.... Keep the videos coming
@quaHolic
@quaHolic - 7 years ago
Nice tank. thanks for sharing I subscribed ;-)
jeremiemcd
jeremiemcd - 7 years ago
Great tank, keep up the good work I sub you :)

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